Rajasthan :: An Introduction
Rajasthan is a land where the relics of golden past have been carefully preserved for the benefits of the tourists. As a tourist destination, this state renders countless moments of pleasure for them. The traditional warmth and hospitality is renowned worldwide. The culture dominating over this land of silvery sand dunes is awe-inspiring.
For many, Rajasthan is the very essence of India, with crenellated forts and impregnable palaces that rise like giant fairy-tale sets above dusty sun-scorched plains and shimmering lakes. India's second largest state - similar in size to France - is largely covered by the ever-encroaching Thar Desert, but despite its aridity, Rajasthan was once remarkably prosperous . Traders from as far afield as Persia and China had to cross its dry plains to reach the southern ports of Gujarat, something the warrior princes of Rajasthan were quick to capitalize on. Today the principal attraction of Rajasthan, literally "land of princes", is the large variety of forts and palaces its aristocrats built throughout the centuries, making it one of the most popular destinations in India.
History of Rajasthan
According to the Hindu Mythology, the Rajputs of Rajasthan were the descendants of the Kshatriyas or warriors of Vedic India. The emergence of the Rajput warrior clans was in the 6th and 7th centuries. Rajputs ancestry can be divided into two: the "solar" or suryavanshi - those descended from Rama, the hero of the epic Ramayana, and the "lunar" or chandravanshi, who claimed descent from Krishna, the hero of the epic Mahabharata. Later a third clan was added, the agnikula or fire-born, said to have emerged from the flames of a sacrificial fire on Mt. Abu.
Culture of Rajasthan
Hindi is the official language of the state. But the principal language is "Rajasthani", and the four major dialects are Marwari in the west, Jaipuri in the east, Mewari in the south-east and Mewati in the north-east. But Hindi language is replacing Rajasthani. Moreover, you will find English speaking people in all the major cities, and in remote villages also you will find someone who can speak and understand English.